INTERVIEWS, REVIEWS & RELATED ARTICLES
Alarm DECEMBER 27, 2011 - by Meaghann Korbel
Q&A: BEN FROST AND DANÍEL BJARNASON
Last year, Mat Schulz, who started Poland's Unsound Festival, asked composers Ben Frost and Daníel Bjarnason - each residents of Reykjavik, Iceland - to rework Andre Tarkovsky's 1972 film Solaris. For both Frost and Bjarnason, their collaborative album Solaris is a complete departure. Though Frost's music is often labeled everything from dark industrial to classical minimalism, Bjarnason's compositions are wildly extravagant yet controlled; together, it's an inspired collaboration. Under their guidance, Solaris achieves a delicate balance of the two personalities.
The soundtrack began as an improvisation played to the film. With the help of music software, these initial sketches were reproduced digitally and were then given to a thirty-piece orchestra to replicate. Though far from the original score, what resulted was a sort of experiment between man, machine, and art, skillfully capturing the beautifully fragmented, tense, and at times haunting quality of the film.
The piece has been performed - alongside stunning visual "film manipulations" by Brian Eno and Nick Robertson - with Sinfonietta Cracovia in Krakow and New York as well as Iceland and Austria.
In light of last month's release of Solaris, we spoke with Bjarnason about the concepts behind the album and the soundtrack's transformation.
Why did you choose to remake the Solaris soundtrack? In what ways did the original fall short of your expectations?
For me, the issue was never to make a new or better soundtrack to the Tarkovsky film. The piece is simply inspired by the film and the book. Stanislav Lem wrote Solaris in Krakow, and it had its fifty-year anniversary the same year as we premiered Solaris in Krakow during the Unsound Festival, so it was a great way to mark that occasion.
Was this originally meant to be a literal soundtrack to the film? How did it evolve into what it is now?
That was the original idea, yes, but we were quick to abandon that idea. I think we were both much more interested in taking the film as a starting point and then moving on from there. So all the music was made during improvisation session where me and Ben watched the film and improvised on top of it and recorded what we did. So every musical moment is a response to a certain scene or moment in the film. But we never watched after those initial sessions, and when I listen to the piece now, I have no idea what music goes with what scene. In a way, we left the film behind at that point and just looked at what we had musically. Then the Sinfonietta came into the process, and the whole thing took on another dimension.
Can you describe the process of recording Solaris?
You can say that we recorded Solaris twice: first in the initial sessions in the Greenhouse, where all the music was written, and then in the Alvernia Studios in Poland. By then we had already played the piece live, and it was recorded in the same spirit as a live performance. In the post-production, we moved things around quite a lot, though, so the version on the album is quite different from the live version.
What ideas or concepts from the film inspired the mood/tone of the compositions, and how are they reflected in the actual process of composing the music?
All the music was actually written by me and Ben watching the film and responding to its tempo and pacing. So I would say the film had an enormous impact on the music.
Musically, you two are very different. What drew you together to work on this project? How do your styles complement each other?
Ben and I have known each other for a long time, and when this project came along, we both saw it as a great opportunity to work together. We have long been admirers of each other's music, and even though it may seem very different on the surface, I think we also have a lot of things in common. We are, for example, both very interested in texture and sound, and I think we also both are drawn to a certain visceral-ness in music.
What was Brian Eno's inspiration behind his "film manipulations"? Did he have a role in the composing the score as well?
Brian was present during a lot of this project. He was in Krakow while we were doing the workshops with the Sinfonietta and also for the premiere. When we first came to Krakow, we were not planning on showing any visuals with the piece, but when we saw the venue we were performing in - an old cinema with a big white screen onstage - I think we all started thinking about that screen and how empty it would be in the concert without visuals. So then Brian came up with this very elegant idea for visuals based on frames from the Tarkovsky film, and that's how he became involved in that. He didn't partake in the music composition process, per se, but like I said, he was there for a big part of the project and was very influential in many different ways.